The world’s giant telecommunication companies are in a global race to be the first to launch 5g. The next generation of mobile data that will revolutionize, how we use the Internet and will have ramifications that could impact global power. This is why the us and china I engaged in a cold war to build the technology first, but before we get to that let’s look at just how impressive 5g could be.
But as more users come online, 4G networks have just about reached the limit of what they’re capable of at a time when users want even more data for their smartphones and devices. Now we’re headed toward 5g, the next generation of wireless, it will be able to handle a thousand times more traffic than today’s networks and it’ll be up to 20 times faster than 4G LTE. Just imagine downloading an HD movie in under a second and then let your imagination run wild 5g will be the foundation for virtual reality autonomous driving the Internet of things and stuff we can’t even yet imagine.
5g is the fifth generation of mobile Internet delivering speeds there are much faster than the current 4G. It will mean that a two-hour hd movie that currently takes seven minutes to download could be downloaded in six seconds. Yes six seconds, but the 5g potential is much more than downloading movies in almost no time. Once complete 5g will lay the foundation for a communication architecture that will change how we do things for starters it will change how we drive. 5g will allow autonomous vehicles to connect and any supportive driving infrastructure.
Chinese such giant they do already successfully tested south driving cars connected to a file’s network in March 2018. Since then it is also worth more than a hundred self-driving buses. Last year the Chinese government launched the country’s first 5g autonomous vehicles have sight in Beijing, at a 2.2-kilometer track. The track has four lanes equipped with sensors, smart traffic lights, and most importantly a built-in Huawei antenna with a superfast 5g signal which allows the cars to detect movement react to changing conditions and receive data from smart roads and other cars.
5g was also revolutionized health care, doctors will be able to diagnose and treat patients at a distance, changing the way millions if not billions of us access health care. This is what the hospitals of the future could look like. No long queues of treatment doctors will be able to connect and examine their patients virtually even remote surgeries will be possible. Zero lag time lean surgeries can be done remotely with robot surgeons and this is already happening.
This year a Chinese surgeon performed the world’s first 5g powered brain surgery and this is how he used remotely controlled robot surgeons on a patient that was 3,000 kilometers while remote surgery still in his trial phase, thanks to 5g. They may well become a reality in the near future.
THE 5g Economic RaceS
With all the technological advances it will provide 5g will be powering the Fourth Industrial Revolution where everything is interconnected wirelessly changing the industrial production of tomorrow as factories become smarter, more dependent automation powered by 5g, jobs that rely on manpower will take a hit bot will replace millions of blue-collar jobs and will likely live in a world with fewer cashiers, security guards, taxi drivers and manual jobs in manufacturing, but more jobs and innovation in tech.
With 5g, artificial intelligence augmented reality and virtual reality will come together as an integral part of our daily life. Advanced industries like telecommunications, biotechnology, and artificial intelligence will make multibillion-dollar profits, thanks to 5g. So we are leading the way with 5g technology will be primed to lead the future global economy.
Right now the top countries racing to obtain 5g technology are china, the us, south korea, and japan. And china is the best place as it is done the most to develop an infrastructure for commercializing 5g. Huawei claims that they are months ahead of other 5g manufacturers. They’re already helping countries like Russia to build their own 5g and Americans are not happy about it.
The us has been at the forefront of almost all telecommunication innovations in the last century. This leadership has provided the us economy with billions of dollars. Currently, the wireless industry supports more than 4.7 billion jobs and contributes roughly forty-seven billion dollars annually to the us economy. A study by Qualcomm on the benefit of 5g said that It will generate up to three-point five trillion dollars in revenue in 2035 and create 22 million jobs. So losing the 5g race will mean losing billions of dollars and millions of jobs by china.
china has outspent the us by 24 billion dollars since 2015 on 5g infrastructure. It has 350,000 mobile towers that support 5g site the us has only 30,000 and although china has received a big blow after top us corporations like Google and pork are blacklisted Huawei over espionage claims.
Huawei still determined to be a leading global 5g provider. So regardless of whether the real concern over china acquiring 5g is a result of a view of espionage or dominating the global economy. The country that wins the 5g race will impact local power. Is the us position at the head of the table under threat.
- Millimeter waves
- Small cells
- massive mimo
- And Full duplex
First up technology number one millimeter waves, your smartphone, and other electronic devices in your home use very specific frequencies on the radio frequency spectrum typically those under 6 gigahertz. But these frequencies are starting to get more crowded. Carriers can only squeeze so many bits of data on the same amount of radiofrequency spectrum. As more devices come online we’re going to start to see slower service and more dropped connections.
The solution is to open up some new real estate so researchers are experimenting with broadcasting on shorter millimeter waves that fall between 30 and 300 gigahertz. This section of the spectrum has never been used before for mobile devices and opening it up means, more bandwidth for everyone. But there are catch millimeter waves that can travel well through buildings or other obstacles and they tend to be absorbed by plants and rain. To get around this problem we’ll need technology number 2…
Small cell networks
Today’s wireless networks rely on large high powered cell towers to broadcast their signals over long distances but remember higher-frequency millimeter waves have a harder time traveling through obstacles which means if you move behind the one you lose your signal. Small cell networks would solve that problem using thousands of low-power mini base stations. These base stations would be much closer together than traditional towers, forming a sort of relay team to transmit signals around obstacles this would be especially useful in cities as the user moved behind an obstacle his smartphone would automatically switch to a new base station in better range of his device allowing him to keep his connection. Next technology number three.
My most stands for multiple-input multiple-output. Today’s 4g base stations have about a dozen ports for antennas that handle all cellular traffic, but massive mimo base stations can support about a hundred ports this could increase the capacity of today’s networks by a factor of 22 or more. Of course, massive mimo comes with its own complications.
Beamforming is like a traffic signaling system for cellular signals instead of broadcasting in every direction it would allow a base station to send a focused stream of data to a specific user. This precision prevents interference and it’s way more efficient, which means stations could handle more incoming and outgoing data streams at once. Here’s how it works, say you’re in a cluster of buildings and you’re trying to make a phone call, your signal is ricocheting off of surrounding buildings and crisscrossing with other signals from users in the area.
A massive mimo base station receives all of these signals and keeps track of the timing and the direction of their arrival. It then uses signal processing algorithms to triangulate exactly where each signal is coming from and plots the best transmission route back through the air to each phone. Sometimes it’ll even bounce individual packets of data in different directions off of buildings or other objects to keep signals from interfering with each other. The result is a coherent data stream sent only to you which brings us to technology number 5
If you’ve ever used a walky-talky, you know that in order to communicate you have to take turns talking and listening that’s kind of a drag. Today’s cellular base stations have that same hold up a basic antenna can only do one job at a time either transmit or receive this is because of a principle called “reciprocity” which is the tendency for radio waves to travel both forward and backward along with the same frequency.
To understand this it helps to think of a wave-like train loaded up with data, the frequency it’s traveling on is like the train track and if there’s a second train trying to go in the opposite direction on the same track you’re going to get some interference. Up until now, the solution has been to have the trains take turns or to put all the trains on different tracks or frequencies but you can make things a lot more efficient by working around reciprocity.
Researchers have used silicon transistors to create high-speed switches that halt the backward roll of these waves, it’s kind of like a signaling system that can momentarily reroute to train so that they can get past each other that means there’s a lot more getting done on each track a whole lot faster.